NBS Knowledge Database

Introduction to the database

As the recognition of the potential Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) grows, so too does the need for a robust evidence base and business case across contexts. If NBS are to deliver on their predicted potential, decision-makers will require tools to communicate, promote and invest in interventions and policy. Currently, the tools available are usually sector-specific due to a lack of meta-analyses of the research, policy, projects and market-based resources available. With Europe producing much of these resources, the region is a fertile foundation point to analyse the state of the NBS landscape worldwide.

NetworkNature, funded by the European Commission under the Horizon 2020 programme, is a resource for the NBS community, creating opportunities for local, regional and international cooperation to maximise the impact and spread of NBS. NetworkNature has mapped European research, policy, projects and market-based tools, collating information on the stakeholders involved and topics covered; also, in parallel, has identified relevant international resources. As this is the first mapping of this scale to be performed (other mappings have been limited in sector, region and resource type), the methodology of mapping is in itself a reportable result. Due to the different types of resources, three separate mappings of global academia and projects, policy and market-based were undertaken and then combined to form this database.

For facilitation of access to information, this database is also accompanied by:

Nature-Based Solutions knowledge gaps: that compiles evidence base for NBS gap analysis to help identify future avenues for research.

Database of EU research and innovation projects on Nature-Based Solutions: that gathers European R&I projects on NBS from several major European research and innovation or implementation programmes.

Useful links:

Displaying 1 - 100 of 874

Main entity:
NbS EduWORLD
Description: The Guidelines on Implementation of  Nature-Based Solutions Activities in Education for Starters have been designed to address the requirements of educators with little to no prior knowledge of nature-based solutions (NbS). They provide a step-by-step framework for understanding...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
Friends of Ecosystem-Based Adaptation (FEBA) Urban EbA Working Group
Description: The FEBA Urban EbA Working Group, coordinated by PlanAdapt and IUCN, has published the joint technical paper "Climate Justice for People and Nature through Urban Ecosystem-based Adaptation: A focus on the Global South". The paper explores the contribution of EbA to climate...
Scope:
Africa, Asia, Latin America
Main entity:
United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) Learning
Description: Restorative nature-based solutions, such as the restoration of wetlands and rivers, can help tackling challenges such as biodiversity loss, social inequity and climate change in cities around the world. United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) together with several other...
Scope:
Europe, Latin America
Main entity:
NetworkNature
Description: This factsheet explores how implementing Nature-based Solutions (NbS) in cities can be a more financially viable alternative to conventional approaches. By outlining inspiring NbS case studies, this facthseet lists possible options for municpalities to fund NbS in order to...
Scope:
Europe, Global
Main entity:
European Commission
Description: This factsheet provides a brief overview of the wide range of ecosystem services and economic benefits generated by the European network of nature areas also known as the Natura 2000 Network. 
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
EKLIPSE
Description: The European Commission requested the EKLIPSE project to help building up an evidence and knowledge base on the benefits and challenges of applying NbS. In response to the request, the EKLIPSE Expert Working Group on Nature‐based Solutions to Promote Climate Resilience in Urban...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Description: The guidebook aims to serve as a framework for developing, implementing and mainstreaming Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) measures in river basins throughout Thailand. Part 1 of the Guidebook provides a background of the development of the concept of Nature-Based Solutions and...
Scope:
Asia
Main entity:
International Institute for Environment and Development
Description: Does investing in nature actually deliver development at the local level? This IEED report provides insights into the types of direct, site-based interventions that can help or hinder the achievement of development outcomes for local people and, ultimately, the delivery of the...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
European Business and Innovation Centre Network
Description: This factsheet summarises the main outcomes of the report of the same name. One of the central statements of the factsheet finds that "while both private and public actors will opt for the options with the best value for money, outcomes can be different in both groups depending...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
South Pole, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
Description: South Pole and WWF's  report: "Common success factors for bankable nature-based solutions" aims to identify examples of bankable deals and analyse the underlying common success factors that have helped secure commercial investments. This report highlights which success factors...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
Nature4Climate
Description: The Nature-based Solutions Policy Tracker maps key policies that support the implementation of Nature-based Solutions (NbS). Using an automated search process, Metabolic and Arboretica identified enabling policies and government budgets that mentioned NbS. The tracker will help...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
TU Munich
Description: Nature-based solutions (NbS) for mitigating climate change are gaining popularity. The number of NbS is increasing, but research gaps still exist at the governance level. The objectives of this paper are (i) to give an overview of the implemented NbS for flood risk management...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
Description: Nature-Based Solutions Origination Platform (NbS-OP) offers a model for scaling up, aligning and mobilizing public and private finance for high-quality nature-based solutions (NbS) under an integrated landscape finance approach. With this model, interventions to address nature...
Main entity:
The Restoration Initiative
Description: "The Restoration Initiative: 2020 year in review" presents an overview of progress and stories from the second year implementation of The Restoration Initiative (TRI) programme. With support from the Global Environment Facility, this pathbreaking programme led by IUCN in...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
Ecologic Institute, Sendzimir Foundation
Description: Focusing on addressing climate change, this catalogue presents a wide selection of Nature-based solutions (NbS) that exemplify high climate mitigation potential and applicability across a range of urban contexts. The catalogue of urban NbS consists of two parts. The first...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
Bocconi University
Description: There is a growing recognition and awareness that nature can help provide viable solutions to reduce vulnerability and generate value deploying the properties of natural ecosystems and the services they provide. Investing in nature can lead to substantial environmental, social,...
Scope:
Global
Description: This report is an overview of the URBAN GreenUP project and its impact on climate change challenges and how it dealt with governance, economic, social, health and environmental aspects in our cities. In this report, we want to summarize the results of the project, focusing on...
Scope:
Europe, Latin America
Main entity:
GFDRR
Description: Despite the growing demand for nature-based solutions (NbS) in cities, many people who make planning, financing, and technical decisions for urban resilience building have little knowledge of when and how to build with nature. It creates a need for better guidance, more real-...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Description: The present report examines the emerging concept of Nature-based Solutions (NbS) and the IUCN Global Standard  when applied to social-ecological systems that include aquaculture production. Section 1 of the report reviews the critical contextual situation, highlighting major...
Main entity:
Vivid Economics
Description: The report provides quantitative analysis of ten EU National Resilience and Recovery Plans (NRRPs) and finds that they miss a major opportunity to invest in a nature-positive recovery. The NRRPs aim to mitigate the economic and social impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and build a...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
University of Stuttgart
Description: The UNaLab Value Model explores the often intangible values of Nature-based Solutions. It thereby aims to establish a link between the identified NbS (NbS Technical Handbook, D5.1), associated beneficiaries and their individual benefits, as well as available financing options (...
Scope:
Europe, Global
Main entity:
IUCN Japan Liaison Office, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), Equilibrium Research
Description: This publication argues that with appropriate and implemented safeguarding policies, together NbS and PCAs are some of the best routes we have for providing a decent future for people and the planet by combining many important elements of sustainable development.
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Description: This report is a global assessment of IUCN’s project portfolio from 2015 to 2020  capturing all work and/or knowledge on human climate resilience across IUCN’s programmes and offices. This effort has been undertaken to map the projects to learn from the various initiatives being...
Main entity:
European Forest Institute
Description: This paper traces a chronological history, or roadmap, of the documentation produced by the European Union (EU) to promote and implement nature-based solutions (NbS) as an innovation action aiming to establish a socially inclusive, economically vibrant and ecologically resilient...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
Leibniz University Hannover
Description: This paper aims to provide suggestions of how planning NbS can be conceptualized and applied in practice. We develop a framework for planning NbS by merging insights from literature and a case study in the Lahn river landscape, Germany. Our framework relates to three key...
Main entity:
Forest Europe
Description: Does a larger forest area mean absolute good news? How can we adapt forests to climate change? What is the role of forests as carbon sinks? What is the relationship between biodiversity and sustainable forest management? Irene Baños Ruiz, a Deutsche Welle (DW) freelance...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
Ecologic Institute, Sendzimir Foundation
Description: Illustrated by case studies from across Germany and Europe, this publication builds on  Addressing Climate Change in Cities – Catalogue of urban nature-based solutions (see here) and presents policy instruments to support cities implement nature-based solutions to address urban...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
UNEP
Description: A Practical Guide to Climate-resilient Buildings & Communities offers construction solutions to adapt to a range of different risks in various climates. For instance, it shows us how to reduce indoor heat in hot and arid climates, or how to mitigate cyclone impacts on...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
Alexander von Humboldt Biological Resources Research Institute
Description: This book introduces the foundations of the BiodiverCities vision and offers an overview of meaningful practices, tools, and guiding principles to advance biodiversity in cities.  According to the Alexander von Humboldt Biological Resources Research Institute and the World...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Description: This document higlights key findings from the report "Planning and delivering Nature-based Solutions in Mediterranean cities. First assessment of the IUCN NbS Global Standard in Mediterranean urban areas", and should be read in conjunction with the full report. References to...
Scope:
Africa, Europe
Main entity:
TH Köln – University of Applied Sciences
Description: The paper reviews the scientific literature (2000–2021) on nature-based solutions for disaster risk reduction (NbS for DRR). Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is one of the most important societal challenges addressed under the umbrella term nature-based solutions (NbS). One NbS...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
International Institute for Environment and Development
Description: The post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) will be a major milestone in global agreements on biodiversity conservation, setting international ambition for the next decade. This guide seeks to support Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) who wish to...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
Connecting Nature project consortium
Description: Research has shown that too often there is a focus on financing the capital investment costs of nature-based solutions and not enough consideration goes into planning long-term sustainable business models to secure a return on investment. Connecting Nature has customised the...
Scope:
Europe, Global
Main entity:
High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy (Ocean Panel)
Description: This report draws on the comprehensive literature on blue carbon ecosystems developed over the last decade, aiming to distil key concepts and information. The report is intended for non-specialists who are starting to consider blue carbon opportunities, to act as a reference...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
Ruhr University Bochum
Description: Compared to technical infrastructure, nature-based solutions, NbS, strive to work with nature and to move beyond business-as-usual practices in order to address societal challenges such as flood risks. This research aims to spatially identify possible NbS areas and evaluate the...
Main entity:
CLEARING HOUSE
Description: How trees and woodlands in urban areas are managed can make a significant difference in their ability to deliver urban ecosystem services.  Indeed, considering the ‘urban forest’ as a nature-based solution can help us see trees and associated habitats in a new light, not simply...
Scope:
Europe, Global
Main entity:
European Environmental Bureau
Description: The EU is promoting carbon farming as a new business model to deliver climate action in agriculture. To ensure the EU harnesses the full win-win-win potential of carbon farming, the EEB sets out the concrete solutions carbon farming should prioritise, and makes five key...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED)
Description: These research objectives of the report are: to develop a framework for the design and implementation of NbS that is compatible with Chinese policy to establish a prototype database of national and international NbS case studies; to propose an outline framework that enables the...
Scope:
Asia, Global
Main entity:
UN High-Level Climate Champions
Description: This report from the Systems Change Lab is a joint effort of the High-Level Climate Champions, Climate Action Tracker (CAT, an independent analytic group comprising Climate Analytics and the NewClimate Institute), ClimateWorks Foundation, the Bezos Earth Fund, and World...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Description: To give structure to the plethora of IUCN tools and methodologies that can be applied in urban ecosystems, IUCN has developed the IUCN Urban Toolbox, a catalogue of knowledge products on urban biodiversity. The resource aims at guiding subnational governments, municipalities and...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
ARUP
Description: The planetary boundaries signify the Earth’s capacity to tolerate change and set out the science-based limits that must not be surpassed if the Earth is to remain hospitable for future generations. This timely report explores how we can design the built environment within the ‘...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
Sphere
Description: This Nature-based Solutions for Climate Resilience in Humanitarian Action Unpacked Guide, developed in collaboration with the Nature-based Solutions in Humanitarian Contexts Working Group, supports Sphere’s vision and mission in that: • it provides practical guidance for using...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
PHUSICOS
Description: This powerpoint slide provides a case study on a successful example of nature-based solution applied for disaster risk reduction: the Restoration of the Isar River in Germany. The initiative was implemented under the PHUSICOS project. More information on the case study is also...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering (IAO)
Description: This report provides city planners with examples of business models for selected NbS, as well as potential financing strategies that could support NbS implementation and operation efforts. 
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
Egypt, Germany, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Description: The ENACT Partnership works to accelerate collective global efforts to address climate change, land and ecosystem degradation, and biodiversity loss through high-integrity Nature-based Solutions.  ENACT: Enhancing Nature-based Solutions for an Accelerated Climate...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
Ecological and Forestry Applications Research Centre (CREAF)
Description: The benefits and impacts that nature-based solutions (NbS) provide on the relationships between people and nature are widely recognized (Raymond et al. 2017). The NbS concept advocates the inclusion of a broad range of relevant actors in decision making (Pauleit et al. 2017),...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
European Forest Institute (EFI)
Description: By analysing 22 case studies from Europe and China within the CLEARING HOUSE project, this paper provides recommendations for relevant governance, institutional and economic frameworks for the uptake and mainstreaming of Urban Forests as Nature-based solutions (UF-NbS). The ...
Scope:
Asia, Europe, Global
Main entity:
International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Description: Co-developed by the International Labour Organization (ILO), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), this report is the first in a joint global biennial report series that aims to fill knowledge and advocacy...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
RSPB; WWF; Nature-based Solutions Initiative
Description: Nature-based solutions (NbS) involve working with nature to address societal challenges, providing benefits for both human well-being and biodiversity. They can reduce a wide range of climate impacts and support human and wildlife adaptation. For example, protecting and...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
Western Indian Ocean states
Description: The great blue wall is a Western Indian Ocean (WIO)-born, African-driven roadmap to achieve a nature-positive world by 2030. It is an action-driven regional response to the three interconnected crises of biodiversity loss, climate change, and economic decline. It aims at...
Scope:
Africa, Oceania
Main entity:
WWF
Description: Nature is in freefall. Climate is changing due to humanity’s addiction to burning fossil fuels and converting natural ecosystems for agriculture. This affects in degrading once-productive lands and driving plant and animal species to extinction. And it’s no coincidence that...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO)
Description: Following the 2021 United Nations Food System Summit call for implementing nature-positive production, this document provides an overview on the conceptual, theoretical and operational aspects of nature-positive production agriculture. The concept of nature-positive production...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
ADAPT
Description: This colourful and illustrative brochure was developed within the IUCN's initiative ADAPT: Nature-based Solutions (NbS) for resilient communities in Western Balkans. It represents a short guide through the climate change consequences showcasing possible solutions to climate...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
White House Council on Environmental Quality, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, White House Domestic Climate Policy Office
Description: This report provides a roadmap with five strategic recommendations for federal agencies to unlock the potential of nature-based solutions and highlights bold Executive Office of the President of the United States actions designed to pave the way. Importantly, these...
Scope:
Global, North America
Main entity:
GrowGreen
Description: The GrowGreen Factsheet proposes a series of steps to effectively plan the financing of NbS Strategies in cities. The process starts by clearly identifying the scale of costs associated with the different aspects of a city’s NbS strategy, followed by an assessment of any avoided...
Scope:
Europe, Global
Main entity:
Connecting Nature
Description: This factsheet showcases the main results of a survey based on 113 validated responses from nature-based enterprises in 22 countries (86% from Europe, 14% rest of the world) conducted from January to March 2020.
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
World Business Council of Sustainable Development (WBCSD)
Description: This report focuses on Nature-based Solutions (NbS) in strategies for Net Zero, Nature Positive and addressing Inequality, and shares insights from the evolution of Natural Climate Solutions (NCS) as part of corporate action on climate. Specifically, it presents:  The role of...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
GrowGreen
Description: The GrowGreen Partners made a collaborative effort for creating a list of factsheets, in order to summarise the results of the various projects. The factsheets are organised by thematic area, that are biodiversity, economic impacts, heat stress, social benefits, water runoff,...
Scope:
Europe, Global
Description: The German Federal Action Plan on Nature-based solutions for Climate and Biodiversity strengthens ecosystems and unites climate action and nature conservation. A wide range of measures ensures that degraded ecosystems regain their health, their resilience and their biodiversity...
Main entity:
IUCN
Description: Recent global initiatives in ecosystem restoration offer an unprecedented opportunity to improve biodiversity conservation, human health and well-being. Ecosystems form a core component of biodiversity. They provide humans with multiple benefits – a stable climate and breathable...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
The Great Green Wall Initiative
Description: The Great Green Wall is an African-led movement with an epic ambition to grow an 8,000km natural wonder of the world across the entire width of Africa.  A decade in and roughly 15% underway, the initiative is already bringing life back to Africa’s degraded landscapes at an...
Scope:
Africa
Main entity:
EXCEPT, IFLA Europe, JNCC, Biodiversa, Natural Resources Wales
Description: Blue Green Infrastructure (BGI) has the potential to address global challenges such as climate change, biodiversity loss, and water management. However, whilst valuable research on BGI is available, it often remains theoretical in nature which hinders its effective integration...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
ADEME (Agence de la Transition Ecologique)
Description: The "Guide of the Shared Street" methodological guide produced by Richez_Associés, Leonard, Franck Boutté Consultants and ADEME, provides tools to transition towards streets of the future which address climate, biodiversity and social challenges. This guide is published as part...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
NetworkNature
Description: This powerpoint slide provides a case study on a successful example of financing nature-based solutions for coastal protection: Keeping the floods at bat through nature restoration in Medmerry. The scheme was funded through the Endangered Landscapes Programme and developed by...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
INTERLACE
Description: The urban Governance Atlas online database showcases 250 policy instruments from 41 countries supporting nature-based solutions and ecosystem restoration. The interactive design invites policymakers, urban planners, researchers, civil society organizations, and others to explore...
Scope:
Africa, Asia, Europe, Global, Latin America, North America, Oceania
Main entity:
GrowGreen
Description: As the evidence base on the role and benefits of nature-based solutions (NbS) grows rapidly, these solutions are featuring with increasing prominence in global climate change policy, stressing the importance of their implementation in urban environments. The Horizon2020 project...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
I-CATALIST
Description: Nature-based solutions (NbS) offer multiple solutions to urban challenges simultaneously, but realising funding for NbS remains a challenge. When the concept of NbS for societal challenges was first defined by the EC in 2017, financing was recognised as one of the major...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
World Bank
Description: NBSOS is a geospatial analysis and a participatory process that is offered as an on-demand service for NbS investment opportunity mapping in cities around the world. It aims to support World Bank teams, governments, and other investors to understand which NbS types have most...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
NetworkNature
Description: In this document you can find a visual representation of the different types of ecosystems and most relevant societal challenges in the context of NbS, with the aim to simplify and communicate these concepts, while inspiring NbS good practices. || The European Commission defines...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
British Expertise International
Description: The British Expertise International Nature-based Solutions Working Group, with lead authors DT Global, in collaboration with World Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, C40 Cities and other key international stakeholders, has released a...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
European Commission DG RTD
Description: Nature-Based Solutions (NbS) can be a powerful tool for cities dealing with the contemporary sustainability challenges including degradation of natural capital and ecosystem services, vulnerability to climate change and natural disasters, as well as corresponding health and...
Scope:
Europe, Global
Main entity:
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Description: The purpose of this publication is to present and showcase the experiences from the Programme Scaling Up Mountain Ecosystem-based Adaptation: Building Evidence, Replicating Success, and Informing Policy. This Programme is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI),...
Scope:
Africa, Asia, Latin America
Main entity:
Umwelt Bundesamt
Description: This Report published by the German Environment Agency critically assess the global mitigation potential of Nature-based Solutions (NbS) as provided in existing literature to derive recommendations for international climate policy. Firstly, it compares and evaluates different...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Description: This new EEA briefing found that there is currently limited experience across Europe in scaling up nature-based solutions. It adds that a lack of standards for assessment and monitoring is a major challenge for replicating projects and applying them at a wider scale....
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
Reuters Events
Description: As the ongoing climate emergency and unbridled human activity continues to have a direct, catastrophic impact on biodiversity, the destruction of habitat and environmental degradation are creating the perfect conditions for diseases like COVID-19 to emerge, and in turn,...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
European Forest Institute, BOS+
Description: This Inspirational Package aims at increasing the knowledge of the importance of urban trees and forest on a basic level; supporting students in developing the skills that are needed in acting responsibly in one´s community; and strengthening their connectedness to nature and...
Main entity:
SPARK
Description: This powerpoint slide provides a case study on a successful example of nature-based solution applied in the urban context: The implementation of urban parks and green areas with sustainable urban drainage systems to handle excess rainwater in Aarhus. This initiative was...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
University College Dublin
Description: Nature-based solutions (NbS) to address societal challenges have been widely recognised and adopted by governments in climate change and biodiversity strategies. Nevertheless, significant barriers exist for the necessary large-scale implementation of NbS and market development...
Main entity:
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
Description: The factsheet: Gender Equality and the Sustainability of Wetlands provides a concise summary of key operational and practical entry points to increase understanding and facilitate the mainstreaming of gender in the implementation of the Convention on Wetland.  Derived from the ...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
GrowGreen
Description: Cities of all sizes and types can develop effective strategies for nature-based solutions, allowing them to create innovative and inspiring ways to tackle major urban challenges, such as flooding and heat stress. Embedding nature-based solutions in this way in long-term city...
Scope:
Europe, Global
Main entity:
International Finance Corporation (World Bank Group)
Description: Context More than half of the world’s GDP is generated in industries that depend on nature and its services, yet this economic activity is causing unprecedented biodiversity loss, risking livelihoods, economies, and climate goals. We must transition to sustainable business...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
IUCN
Description: Ecosystem degradation has reached the far corners of our planet from our precious rainforests to our priceless reefs. Irresponsible human activities have caused and exacerbated our climate crisis and ecosystem degradation, forcing us to cope with biodiversity loss, habitat...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
CLEARING HOUSE
Description: Urban Forests as nature-based solutions (UF-NbS) are a subset of nature-based solutions that build on tree-based urban ecosystems to address societal challenges, simultaneously providing ecosystem services for human well-being and biodiversity benefits. UF-NbS include peri-urban...
Scope:
Asia, Europe
Main entity:
IFLA Europe
Description: The Report "Urban landscapes and climate change: the contribution of landscape architects to improving the quality of life" is concerned with the practice of Landscape Architecture to improve the quality of life in cities. It outlines the context of climate change in terms of...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
World Resources Institute (WRI)
Description: This paper aims to better understand the role of rural women in Nature-based Solutions (NbS) and to provide insights on how to support them. The gender dimension remains underexplored in the literature on NbS. Most studies focus on the biophysical and technical aspects of NbS...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Food and Agriculture Organization
Description: To launch the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration, UNEP and FAO published the report "Becoming #GenerationRestoration: Ecosystem Restoration for People, Nature and Climate", which synthesizes evidence of the state of degradation of the world’s ecosystems and details the economic...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
World Bank
Description: This document aims to guide the design, implementation, and use of studies to value the benefits and costs of Nature-Based Solutions (NbS) for climate resilience projects. Reliable quantification of the costs and benefits of NbS for climate resilience can facilitate further...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
GrowGreen
Description: This report compiles the lessons learnt from the GrowGreen project as well as experiences from other cities in Europe and around the world to provide support to cities for implementing effective citizen engagement for NbS. The report focuses on two important areas for engagement...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
Trinity College Dublin
Description: This report is a first step in addressing knowledge gaps in the potential economic benefits of Nature-Based Solutions (NbS) and the challenges facing NatureBased Enterprises (NBE). Based on extensive consultations, we profile some of the economic activities where NBE are engaged...
Main entity:
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Description: The State of Finance for Nature is a series that aims to quantify public and private finance flows to nature-based solutions and the extent to which finance flows are aligned with global targets and the investment needed to limit global warming to below 1.5°C, halt biodiversity...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
GrowGreen
Description: This guide is developed for practitioners responsible for the design and implementation of Naturebased Solutions (NbS) projects. It will provide a comprehensive guidance tool to develop climate adaptation projects based on NbS. The design and implementation of NbS is considered...
Scope:
Europe, Global
Main entity:
United Nations Global Compact CEO Water Mandate, Pacific Institute
Description: This guide takes a pragmatic approach to stakeholder engagement by presenting general principles and best practices that should be considered throughout all stages of an NbS project, as well as outlining specific steps for incorporating stakeholder engagement throughout NbS...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
BiodiverCities
Description: The World Economic Forum with the Government of Colombia, the Humboldt, Arup and AlphaBeta, has released this insight report to call on cities, as crucial players in reversing nature loss and climate change, to become BiodiverCities by 2030. The report showcases the opportunity...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
The World Bank
Description: The Global Program on Nature-Based Solutions (NbS) for Climate Resilience is a cross-sectoral effort at the World Bank Group with a mission to increase investments in solutions that integrate and strengthen natural systems across regions and sectors. The program involves many...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
Inter-American Development Bank, World Resources Institute
Description: As the world recovers from the global recession and pandemic, investment in development proj- ects and infrastructure is poised to surge (World Bank 2020) . But channeling that investment into traditional infrastructure, often built with concrete and steel, risks accelerating...
Scope:
Latin America
Main entity:
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Description: GrowGreen: Urban growth  - challenge or opportunity? This visual story highlights the importance of achieve long-lasting change in cities by integrating Nature-Based Solutions into their planning, development, and management.
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
Commonland
Description: This new policy brief details how EU financing of developmental projects should redirect funds to projects that focus on the inherent connection between people and nature in order to achieve necessary climate targets such as those laid out in the EU restoration law. The report,...
Scope:
Europe
Main entity:
Earth Security
Description: Earth Security's new report provides a practical roadmap for public finance institutions (DFIs, donors, foundations) and long-term investors to use blended finance strategically to unlock investments in nature. Nature may be our ultimate asset, but the markets that will enable...
Scope:
Global
Description: This Knowledge Brief produced by NetworkNature provides an overview of the concept of inclusion in the nature-based solutions context, including its relevance to the EU and international policy landscape and the just transition. By raising awareness on the importance of...
Scope:
Global
Main entity:
IEEP, IUCN WCPA, UNDP, the World Bank, TNC, WCS and WWF
Description: The guidance has been developed in a global partnership by IEEP, IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), UN Development Programme (UNDP), the World Bank and global leading conservation organisations the Nature Conservancy (TNC), Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and...
Scope:
Global