Investing in nature for development: do nature-based interventions deliver local development outcomes?

EU project stamp: 
Main entity: 
International Institute for Environment and Development
Key themes: 
Economic and social development

Does investing in nature actually deliver development at the local level? This IEED report provides insights into the types of direct, site-based interventions that can help or hinder the achievement of development outcomes for local people and, ultimately, the delivery of the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework and the SDGs. The report considers a wide range of interventions and development outcomes, both positive and negative. Focusing specifically on poorer (low- and lower-middle-income) countries, it explores documented evidence that ‘nature-based interventions’ or ‘investments in nature’ (including protection, management, restoration, and harnessing nature for food production), can deliver tangible development outcomes for local people, including jobs, food security, empowerment, as well as resilience to climate change. Overall, evidence showed that investments in nature can be a ‘win-win’ for biodiversity and development. The report's findings confirm those of previous analyses and provide a sound empirical evidence base to complement the wealth of anecdotal evidence on nature-development links, while also highlighting key remaining ‘knowledge gaps’. The report concludes with key recommendations for policy and practice.