Paris is vulnerable to flooding from the Seine river. It is also a compact mineral city, increasingly subject to the heat island effect. Unpaving, greening and planting trees are thus real challenges and absolute necessities. Fortunately, implanting refreshing pockets of nature on permeabilized soil is made possible by the globally dense and homogeneous repartition of schoolyards. This is just what this project aims at, together with more education- and climate security-oriented purposes.The “Oasis” Schoolyards programme takes place in the wider framework of Paris’ Resilience Strategy. As such, it also attempts to meet the local requirements of socio-spatial inclusion, public environmental health and climate change mitigation.
- Reduce the local heat island effect
- Provide pupils with a healthy and stimulating learning environment
- Educate residents to risk culture on climate change
- Make refuges of freshness available to the most vulnerable populations
- Create numerous meeting spaces to spur conviviality and solidarity
- By using a light-coloured, low carbon footprint substrate with a modular porosity on schoolyards grounds, the latter are expected to be much cooler.
- The ground’s cooling effect will be enhanced with the additional use of rainwater, by evapotranspiration. Furthermore, it is to be reusable for water games or school gardening too.
- The increase of trees, school gardens, green walls and roofs and the shade they provide will also help to locally temper with heat waves. Moreover, several vegetable gardens should contribute as well to the children’s environmental awareness.
- Artificial installations are integrated to renaturation project, for shade houses will punctually supplement the other infrastructures. Combined with various cooling techniques and kinetic energy collection infrastructures on playgrounds, they are aimed at cooling down schools and reducing their energy consumption.
Challenge 1 :
meso or micro
Challenge 2 :
protected by NBS.
Reduce flood risk.
Reduce risk of damages from drought.
Challenge 3 :
Reduce load to
Challenge 4 :
Changing image of the urban environment.
Challenge 5 :
Increase achievements of biodiversity targets.
Challenge 6 :
communities’ sense of ownership.
Challenge 7 :
about location &
importance of NBS.
knowledge about NBS.
Increase awareness of NBS solution & their effectiveness and co benefits.
Challenge 8 :
of green open
spaces for residents.
richness and biodiversity
- Developing climate change adaptation; improving risk management and resilience
- Flood peak reduction
- Increase infiltration / Water storage
- Reduce drought risk
- Reduce flood risk
- Reduce load to sewer system
- Reduce risk of damages from drought
- Reduce run-off
- Reducing temperature at meso or micro scale
- Developing climate change mitigation
- Carbon sequestration and storage
- Restoring ecosystems and their functions
- Increase achievements of biodiversity targets
- Increase Biodiversity
- Increased cultural richness and biodiversity
- Enhancing sustainable urbanisation
- Changing image of the urban environment
- Improve air quality
- Improve water quality
- Increase accessibility to green open spaces
- Increase amount of green open spaces for residents
- Increase awareness of NBS solution & their effectiveness and co benefits
- Increase communities’ sense of ownership
- Increase population & infrastructures protected by NBS
- Increase social interaction
- Increase stakeholder awareness & knowledge about NBS
- Increase well-being
- Provision of health benefits
- Social inclusion
The results of this programme can be transposed to cities who want to:
- Adapt cities to climate change by an urban and natural development:
- Choose urban development considering NBS for social and climate challenges o Anticipate the evolution of urban infrastructure: consider NBS in face of repeated heat waves
- Organize a participative management
- Integrated vision in response to various urban vulnerabilities
- Inclusive approach of residents, public institutions and private sector
- Share ideas and innovations from their cities
- Ability to think systemically in order to multiply the benefits
- Flexibility: natural and modular spaces and facilities capable of accommodating uses
The Municipality of Paris funds the project.